What is a bunion?

The technical name for a bunion is Hallux Abducto Valgus (HAV), a very common complaint we see at Reform Podiatry Camden. Females are impacted significantly more than males, with some literature reporting a 3:1 ratio. A bunion occurs when the big toe moves towards the second toe – sometimes, but not always causing pain. Untreated, a bunion can progress to the point of irreversible joint debilitation and degeneration, making it difficult to conservatively maintain.

What causes a bunion?

There are a number of factors that play into the development of HAV. There is a strong genetic pattern, meaning you are at greater risk of developing a bunion if someone in the family has a bunion. Foot mobility and mechanics are inherited, so if mum or nan has a bunion, make sensible choices now. Why do we see bunions in woman more than men. Footwear has a role to play here. You are more likely to see a lady in a pair of tight and shallow high heeled shoes. The pitch and shape of the shoe will accelerate the damage to the toe. Biomechanical factors contributing to flat feet or hypermobility can also place you at greater risk of developing a bunion.

What are the symptoms of a bunion?

As mentioned earlier, bunions can be painful or painless. A number of factors will determine whether they become symptomatic, or remain asymptomatic. Some commonly reported symptoms we here in the clinic include:

  • Pain at the bunion site
  • Enlarged joint
  • Numbness, burning or tingling at the big toe
  • Difficulty to wear shoes
  • Pain when on your toes
  • Callous or corns

Can you shrink a bunion naturally?

Once joint degeneration and deviation of the toe has commenced, it is incredibly difficult to treat naturally or conservatively. If your foot is showing the early signs, book in an appointment with your friendly Camden foot doctor at Reform Podiatry.

How else can you treat bunions?

Treatment is dependent on the progression of the deformity. To summarise, at Reform Podiatry we focus on preventing and improving pain. This may be achieved through activity modification, foot wear change, exercises, customised splints, pads or orthotics. To specifically designate a treatment plan to best suit your bunion, it is best you book an appointment with your Camden podiatrist to preserve the joint before serious damage can occur. In extreme cases, patients do require surgery for their bunions. We have an excellent surgeon we would happily refer you to if necessary.

For bunion exercises and tips, follow our Instagram Page @ReformPodiatry

If you think your feet need looking at, book an appointment now at Reform Podiatry.

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